Copyright © 1990-2023 quirkfactory.com. All rights reserved.
Infrared Bazooka was inspired by a need to remotely control a rogue television which is far away. The Infrared Bazooka is basically an infrared repeater combined with an infrared amplifier.
Project date: started July 2007, completed August 2007.
It consists of the following parts:
The heart of the Infrared Bazooka is an array of 24 infrared LEDs. This is what gives the bazooka amplification relative to a standard remote control.
- (1) Radio Shack Project box 6"x3"x2"
- (2) 9 VDC batteries
- (2) 9 VDC battery clips
- (1) 1500 uF capacitor
- (1) Infrared detector diode
- (24) Infrared LEDs
- (1) Red LED (for IR detector feedback)
- (1) Green LED (for power-on indicator)
- (1) power switch
- (1) 3055 transistor
- (9) 20 Ohm resistors
- (1) 10k Ohm resistor
- (1) 1k Ohm resistor
- (2) small protoboard pieces
Here are some photos of the LED array on a protoboard:
There's a nice LED series parallel array wizard with a calculator to help arrange arrays of LEDs. I used 8 groups of 3 LEDs in series with a 20 Ohm resistor.
For the driver circuit, I initially tried to use an IR decoder (I was using Radio Shack part number 276-137, but this part looks functionally equivalent) combined with a 555 timer generating a 40 kHz signal to drive the LED array.
However, that did not work properly for me, for reasons I don't yet understand. I was roughly following this nice article, but in spite of having good IR output and a signal verified with my scope, the TV wasn't picking it up.
Oh well - even if it did work, there's a chance the 555 would be at the wrong frequency for some remotes. Better to just pass the signal through unfiltered.
I decided that all I really needed was a pure IR detector/amplifier, without any filtering. So I hooked up a detector from Radio Shack part number 276-142 directly to a transistor powering the LED array.
This worked fine - the IR diode detector is not as sensitive as the 40 kHz filter, but in this application it's ok to place the remote nearby the detector. In this unfiltered design, though, you need to make sure strong light (like the sun) is not hitting the sensor.
I settled on the following circuit powered by 9 VDC. The amplified signal is strong enough to control my TV even when bounced off a wall 30 feet away.
Here's the mess that I initially wired up while watching TV ... obviously I'm too cheap or stupid to order a PCB ... some day I will learn:
And here's what the assembled package looks like:
I haven't yet done a test of maximum distance, but the signal easily bounces off walls 30+ feet away to indirectly control a TV.
This IR repeater/amplifier has 24 IR LEDs. A nice improvement would be to create an array with 200 or 1000 LEDs, and see how far the signal will travel.